In painting, space may be defined as the distances between shapes on a flat surface and the illusion of three-dimensions on a two-dimensional surface. Also refers to a physical site where art is displayed for viewing.<br><br>An element of art that refers to the distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. It can be described as two-dimensional or three-dimensional; as flat, shallow, or deep; as open or closed; as positive or negative; and as actual, ambiguous, or illusory.Examples: a drawing of an orange triangle with a triangular space inside of it a drawing of an four circles with a square space overlapping them In these images, negative spaces have been shaped and placed among positive spaces so that a viewer can make closure on a triangle, a square, and a cube.a drawing of 8 circles through which one sees parts of a single cubeRelated link: Sanford has a page defining space. Quote: "Each work has its own space, which should neither be conceived as a sort of cage nor regarded as extending to infinity." Marino Marini (1901-1980), Italian sculptor. "Interestingly, according to modern astronomers, space is finite. This is a very comforting thought ? particularly for people who can never remember where they have left things." Woody Allen (1935-), American writer, actor, filmmaker, and musician. Also see arrangement, composition, direction, human scale, intercolumniation, kerf, lacuna, letter spacing (and kerning), overlap, perspective, pixel shim, principles of design, straight, theater, and void.