Shade

DEFINITION

Term for a color darkened with black.<br><br>Hue made darker by the addition of black, as compared to tint.<br><br> A dark value of a color, i.e., a dark blue; as opposed to a tint, which is a lighter shade of a color, i.e., light blue. Also, to shade a drawing means to add the lights and darks, usually to add a three-dimensional effect.<br><br>A color to which black or another dark hue has been added to make it darker, tending to make them neutral in color. For example, black added to green makes it a darker shade of green. Value changes from pure hues are called shades and tints. You can see this in the color wheel below. On the right, pure hues are marked by dots. The shades made from those hues are under them.Opposite to shades in saturation (highly saturated, but just as low in lightness) are deep colors and may be tones. The opposite of shades in their value (much lighter in value, but just as low in saturation) are pale colors. Opposite to shades in both value and saturation are brilliant colors.Other Internet resources concerned with shade: "Chalkboard" on color theory, painting materials and techniques. It has an excellent page on color saturation and intensity. Chalkboard is produced by Ralph Larmann, on the art faculty member at the University of Evansville, IN. Also see brightness, chiaroscuro, colorblind, gradation, gray scale, grisaille, light, monochrome, nocturne, nuance, saturation, shadow, tone, and tenebroso or tenebrism.

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