Orphism in art is defined as an abstract art movement from 1912 to 1914 that took place in Paris. Orphism paralleled the geometry of Cubism but with a brighter palette of overlapping planes of contrasting colors. &quot;The color combinations were based on the &#39;law of simultaneous contrast of colors&#39; develeoped by French chemist, Michel-Eugene Chevreul in the 19th century.&quot; The name, Orphism, also called Orphic Cubism, was taken from the Greek poet and musician Orpheus, and was first used in 1912 by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire to describe the paintings of Robert Delaunay. Other artists in the movement were Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Fernand Leger, Franz Kupka, and Sonia Delaunay, wife of Robert Delaunay.<br>