Nouveau realisme new realism


A French movement founded in 1960 by Pierre Restany, an art critic, other participants included Jean Tinguely, Niki de Saint Phalle, Yves Klein, Christo Javacheff, Daniel Spoerri and Arman Fernandez. It was the French equivalent of Pop Art, and its artists made extensive use of collage and assemblage, "using real objects incorporated directly into the work"...Source: Tate Collection,