Little galleries of the photo secession - 291


Opened in New York City in 1905 by photographer Alfred Stieglitz, it was an exhibition and gathering place for the Photo-Secession group. These were photographers committed to experimental methods of manipulating the camera rather than just taking conventional pictures. A lasting effect of the place was bringing photography into the realm of art along with painting, sculpture, etc. The gallery, whose name was shortened to 291 for its address on lower Fifth Avenue, also became known for pioneering the exhibiting of work by avant-garde European painters and sculptors such as Henri Matisse, Auguste Rodin, Marcel Duchamp, and Pablo Picasso. In 1917 the gallery closed, a major reason being that participants were distanced by the overbearing personality of Stieglitz who served as Gallery Director. Sources: Encyclopedia Britannica Online; Wikipedia