Linoleum cut

DEFINITION

A linoleum block or plate used for making relief prints. Linoleum is a durable, washable material formerly used more for flooring as vinyl flooring is used today. It is usually backed with burlap or canvas, and may be purchased adhered to a wooden block. The linoleum can be cut in much the same way woodcuts are produced, however its surface is softer and without grain. Also refers to a print made with this method. Linoleum cuts have been made by Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954) and Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973).Other examples: Sybil Andrews (English, 1898-1992), Steeplechasing, 1932, linoleum cut in three colors, printed from 3 blocks in Chinese orange, alizarin purple madder and Prussian blue on buff oriental laid tissue paper, 6 x 10 3/4 inches.Maurits Cornelis Escher (Dutch, 1898-1972), Reflection, 1950, linoleum cut printed from two blocks, 26 x 32 cm. Two raindrops have fallen into a pond, and, with the concentric, expanding ripples that they cause, disturb the still reflection of a tree with the moon behind it. See optical illusion and World of Escher.

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