Lattice

DEFINITION

A gridded openwork structure of crossed strips or bars of wood, metal, plastic, etc., used as a screen, support, etc. Or something resembling such a structure. Windows, doors, and gates are often screened by lattices. Graphs, curtain walls, and the grids in city and landscape architectural plans are often described as lattices.(pr. LA-təs)Lattices are among the ten classes of patterns.Examples:French, Choir screen with the Crucifixion at the Cathedral at Naumburg, c. 1245, stone. Inside a Gothic cathedral, the nave was usually separated from the choir by a large stone choir screen, called a 'pulpitum' or 'jub?', which excluded the lay public from the liturgy performed behind it. The screens at Chartres and Amiens were later removed, but at Naumburg a superbly carved example from the middle of the thirteenth century has remained intact. India, Mughal; found at / reportedly from Fatehpur Sikri, India, Jalee screen, one of a pair, second half of the 16th century, carved red sandstone, 73 1/4 x 51 3/16 x 3 9/16 inches (186 x 130 x 9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See jalee work. Josef Hoffmann (Austrian, 1870-1956) for Wiener Werkst?tte, Square Brooch, silver lattice, repouss? gold, and opal, c. 1905. See Art Nouveau, jewelry, opalescence, and secession.Also see fenestration, rectilinear, and square.

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