Laid papers

DEFINITION

Papers with a patterned texture of parallel impressed lines in each sheet. This pattern results from the pulp resting against wires on the mold screen as the paper is made. "Chain" lines are farther apart and run parallel with the grain direction of the sheet, while "laid" lines are closely spaced and perpendicular to the grain. Wove papers exhibit a more gridded pattern, like that seen in most weaving.Examples:Edward Savage (American, 1761-1817), Liberty in the Form of the Goddess of Youth: Giving Support to the Bald Eagle, 1796, stipple engraving on cream laid paper, Worcester Art Museum, MA. See American Colonial art.Mary Cassatt (American, 1844-1926, active in France), Portrait of the Artist, 1878, gouache on wove laid paper down to buff-colored wood pulp paper, 23 5/8 x 16 3/16 inches (60.1 x 41.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See feminism and feminist art.See deckle and papermaking.

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