International style


A term coined in 1932 by architect Philip Johnson and Henry Russell Hitchcock to describe modernist architecture that embraced cubic shapes, great open spaces including large windows, and an absence of disruptive visual affects such as moldings. Adopted widely in the mid to late 20th century, many office buildings reflected the International Style, many which were criticized for being bland and debasing of the word "architecture". However some buildings such as Lincoln Center in New York City and Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery in Lincoln, Nebraska, designed by Johnson, have been cited as structures of immense distinction with their sweeping openness, marble exteriors, etc. Source: Gail Leggio, 'Homegrown', "American Arts Quarterly", Winter 2006, p.24