A device which creates a breeze when moved. The shape of most hand-held fans is distinctive, providing a surface or form for the work of artists and craftsmen of many cultures. The folding fan was probably invented in Japan in the 7th century. A synonym for fan-shaped is "flabellate."Examples: Ding Yunpeng (Chinese, active 1584-1638), Landscape with Figures under a Tree, 1616, fan painting; ink and gold leaf on paper; signature: Ding Yunpeng; seals: one of the artist and two of collectors, Worcester Art Museum, MA. See Chinese art.