Ecorche

DEFINITION

Any painted, sculpted, or drawn figure depicting the muscles of the human body without skin. Practiced by Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472, Italian), a theorist and Renaissance architect. Source: Ralph Mayer, "A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques" <br><br>A figure drawn, painted, or sculpted to show the muscles of the body without skin. The Renaissance architect and theorist, Leon Battista Alberti (Italian, 1404-1472), recommended that when a painter is going to depict a nude, he should first arrange the muscles and bones, then pick out a nice skin to go with them.(pr. ay-KOHR-shay)Examples: Nicolas Beatrizet, Anatomia, from Juan de Valverde de Hamusco&#39;s &#39;La anatomia del corpo humano&#39;, 1556. This man has flayed himself, and is holding up his own skin.Jean-Antoine Houdon (French, 1741-1828), L&#39;?corch? (Flayed Man, Standing), 1767, plaster cast taken from the original ?corch? (in marble?) Such life-size sculptures of a flayed man have served as models for art students studying human anatomy, in preparation for life drawing. Students&#39; uses of such figures has diminished greatly since the end of the nineteenth century.

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