Die brucke


A German Expressionist movement organized in Dresden in 1905 by architecture students, who were also painters, the intent was to create a style to "bridge" the prevalent Romantic painting with the encroaching modernist Expressionism. In doing this, they looked back to early German artists such as Albrecht Durer and Matthias Grunewald, and forward to their own ideas that focused on expressing inner emotions and stark social realism. The four original members were Fritz Bleyl (1880-1966); Erich Heckel (1883-1970); Ernst Kirchner (1880-1938); and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884-1976). "Die Brucke", along with "Der Blaue Reiter" group (The Blue Rider) were the two groups fundamental to the success of the Expressionist movement. Source: Wikipedia referencing of Peter Selz, "German Expressionist Painting", p. 78