Brandywine school of illustration art
A collective name given to the students of illustrator Howard Pyle (1853-1911) because of their school's physical location in the Brandywine River Valley between Delaware and Pennsylvania, and because of their revolutionary approach to illustration art under his direction. The Brandywine School of illustration was a departure from seemingly frozen stage-set motifs of characters in stories to 'up close' and 'in-your-face' dramatic poses. In other words, the viewer is pulled in emotionally and denied the safe haven of objectivity. Prominent names of the Brandywine School are Maxfield Parrish, Violet Oakley, Jessie Willcox Smith, Harvey Dunn, Stanley Arthurs, Frank Schoonover and N.C. Wyeth. Sources: http://www.bpib.com/pyle.htm; Walt Reed, "The Illustrator in America, 1860-2000".