Blue rider der blaue reiter german expressionsi

DEFINITION

A term first used in 1903 by Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky for the title of one of his paintings, it was then applied to a group with Kandinsky active from 1911 to 1914 in Munich and also to the almanac they published. Their idea was to stimulate physical sensations in viewers of their artwork through abstract, expressionist styles. The first "Blaue Reiter" exhibition was held at the Galerie Thannhauser in Munich in December 1911, and included work by Russian Futurists, David and Vladimir Burliuk; French Orphists such as Robert Delaunay; and German Expressionists. World War I ended the association, especially with the deaths of leaders Franz Marc and Auguste Macke. Albert Bloch is the only American artists associated with the group. An offshoot of the Spiritualist part of "Der Blaue Reiter" surfaced at the Bauhaus School in the 1920s with the name "Die Blauen Vier" or Blue Four under the influence of Kandinsky, Paul Klee and Lyonel Feininger. Source: Robert Atkins, "ART SPOKE

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