A French term for ???high arts???, it refers to the curriculum basis for art students at the Ecole des Beaux Arts, the official state school founded in Paris in the late 19th century. Beaux Arts education was a combination of learning history of major art movements, and then painting and sculpting in studios based on work of leading artists of those movements. Emphasis was on Roman, Renaissance and Baroque styles and methods. Source: Donald Martin Reynolds, "Masters of American Sculpture"