Batik

DEFINITION

A technique of producing designs on fabric through a series of wax treatments and dyes, the process originated thousands of years ago, likely in China. The Javanese of Indonesia advanced the skill and produced richly colored textiles. The batik process begins with a design sketched on fabric, usually silk. The artist has to visualize the finished piece from a negative image, because light and dark areas are reversed during the process. A wax resist is applied to the lighter areas, and then the fabric is immersed in dye with the wax areas repelling the dye. The process continues with colors dyed on top of each other, often seeping through cracked places in the wax. When the work is finished the artist removes the wax by ironing the fabric between absorbent layers of cloth. Usually the pieces are mounted on a backing and displayed under glass to protect the colors. American batik artists include Mary Tannahill, Grace Betts, Leo Twiggs, Tanasko Milovich, Sammy Lynn, Louise Wilson, Katalin Ehling and Linda Szabo. Sources: Kimberley Reynolds, Richard Seddon; "Illustrated Dictionary of Art Terms"; AskART Database<br><br>Using wax resist designs on dyed fabrics. Colors are dyed lightest color to darkest color, with new design elements added before each color bath.<br><br>A method of dyeing cloth which involves the use of removable wax to repel (resist) the dye on parts of the design where dye is not desired. Batik originated in Indonesia, where its production continues to thrive.(pr. b&#601;-TEEK)Also see beeswax, costume, fiber, paraffin wax, and texture.

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