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French for "the group of the floating wash house," derived from the name of a tenement house occupied by Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973). This was a group of artists living in Montmartre, Paris from 1908 to the beginning of World War I, including Robert Delaunay (French, 1885-1941), Juan Gris (Spanish, 1887-1927), Fernand L?ger (French, 1881-1955), and Amadeo Modigliani (Italian, 1884-1920). Cubism was one of the movements to which they contributed.Also see Orphism.