Adobe and adobe


An adobe, traditionally, is a sun-dried, unfired brick of clay, sand, and straw. Contemporary makers of adobes sometimes introduce additional or alternative binders or aggregates. This construction material is traditional to many cultures to which these ingredients were readily available. In the United States this is especially true in the Southwest. Also, a structure built with this kind of brick. Adobe material is sometimes referred to as plaster when it is applied to a structure's surface, usually bricks, for protection and / or decoration.Adobe (particularly when capitalized) can also refer to Adobe Systems Incorporated, a major producer of graphic design software.(pr. ə-DOH-bee)Examples of architecture built of adobes: Mesopotamia, Khorsabad, the fortified city and palace of Sargon II, 721-705 BCE, a contemporary rendering based upon archaeological excavations. This Mesopotamian citadel and residential city was about a mile square. The city's walls were built of mud brick (adobe) and faced with glazed brick. Stone was available but used for sculpture (see preceding example), not for building. The top of the walls was crenelated. The ziggurat was built in seven levels, each 18 feet high, and each was painted a different color.