The Greek word meaning "high city." Ancient Greek builders chose to erect their towns around fortified hills upon which their main temples were placed. The most famous acropolis is in Athens.(pr. ə-KRAH-pə-ləs)The Acropolis of Athens: D'Espouy, Reconstruction of the Acropolis of Athens, from Dr. D. Josef, Geschichte der Baukunst, published in Leipzig, 1912.