Acanthus

DEFINITION

The thorny leaf of an herb native to the Mediterranean region, the design of which has been used as a stylized motif throughout history. Of special note is its use in capitals of the Corinthian and composite order. It sometimes resembles the leaves of dandelion, thistle or artichoke plants, pinnately lobed basal leaves with spiny margins.Examples: Jordan, Palace in Mschatta, Rosette, mid-8th century, limestone relief, Museum f?r Islamische Kunst, Berlin. The design of this of architectural ornament incorporates elements from ancient traditions, and includes acanthus leaves and strings of pearls. See rosette.

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