One who belongs to one of the art academies such as the National Academy of Design in New York. Also the term applies to artists who adhere to academic or traditional styles that are taught in academies. Source: Ralph Mayer, "A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques"<br><br>Either an elected member of an academy, or an artist who follows the principles of the traditional and conservative academic tradition. Adolphe-William Bouguereau (French, 1825-1905) was an archetypal academician. Bouguereau was immensely successful and influential as an exponent of academic art, upholding traditional values and contriving to exclude avant-garde work from the Salon.An example of his work: Adolphe-William Bouguereau (French, 1825-1905), Temptation, 1880, oil on canvas, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.Also see American Academy of Arts and Letters (AAAL) and teacher.